Seven traits characterize an uncultivated person, and seven a learned one.
A learned person:
- does not begin speaking before one who is greater than he in wisdom or in years;
- does not interrupt the words of his fellow;
- does not answer impetuously;
- questions with relevance to the subject and replies accurately;
- discusses first things first and last things last;
- about something he has not heard he says, “I have not heard”;
- acknowledges the truth.
The reverse of these characterize an uncultivated person.