Seven traits characterize an uncultivated person, and seven a learned one.

A learned person:

  1. does not begin speaking before one who is greater than he in wisdom or in years;
  2. does not interrupt the words of his fellow;
  3. does not answer impetuously;
  4. questions with relevance to the subject and replies accurately;
  5. discusses first things first and last things last;
  6. about something he has not heard he says, “I have not heard”;
  7. acknowledges the truth.

The reverse of these characterize an uncultivated person.